Real-time tracking of animal movements is enabling more effective and efficient wildlife monitoring for management and security. Likewise, the real-time tracking of illegal wildlife, timber and fish products as they move from source to consumer can shed light on trafficking routes and actors, as well as support enforcement.
Satellite trackers, GPS-GSM tags and other devices are increasingly being mounted on collars, embedded in horns, and applied in new and less-invasive ways. GPS trackers have been placed in illegally traded commodities, including ivory tusks, for controlled deliveries to track movements through illegal supply chains, and further applications continue to emerge. The use of tracking devices to monitor animal movements and the movement of wildlife products along trafficking chains is increasing as devices miniaturize and become more cost-effective. Efforts are underway by the conservation community to identify and scale the production of effective devices.