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Header image: Laura Kloepper, Ph.D.


Camera trap. Snow Leopard reserve Kyrgyzstan. Solar+4G+Video. System upgrade.

Hi everyone, My name is Luciano Foglia. I'm working on a project in Central Asia where we need to provide internet access to an area of a mountain range...

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Hi Kumar

I wanted to contact you about the possibility of collaborating in the project I mentioned before. Where is good to contact you? [email protected] ? You can also email me from our website 

Looking forward from hearing from you

Luciano Foglia



Look into evorta.  

It is an Australian company that is doing exactly this.  

You can.

  • Have an offline camera that can be trained to ID specific species, 
  • send you just the photos of those species via satellite 
  • Or if you can get 4g send you all the photos to their online database. 
  • They also have an online database that allows you to analyse the data in real time. 
  • They can also hack normal camera traps so they can send photos back to the main unit to process and send valid photos.  That way you only need one ‘smart’ camera.  All the rest can be your exsisting cameras. You just need to use your sd card slot.  

Here is an article here  

 Best to contact him through email.  

I’ll send it to you privately 

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Analyze difference in time events in camera trap data

We are studying how foxes and birds feed from feeders aimed at Livestock Protection Dogs in Tierra del Fuego. We want to look at time between visits to assess dependence of...

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Adrían - You might try looking at the methods for analyzing temporal interactions described in these two papers. These will hopefully provide you a starting point into the literature. Best wishes - Russ

Rahel Sollmann. 2018. A gentle introduction to camera-trap data analysis. African Journal of Ecology.

Justin P Suraci, et al. 2022. Beyond spatial overlap: harnessing new technologies to resolve the complexities of predator–prey interactions. Oikos.

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Insect camera traps for phototactic insects and diurnal pollinating insects

Hello, we developed an automated camera trap for phototactic insects a few years ago and are planning on further developing our system to also assess diurnal pollinating...

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Hi Maximiliian,

Thank you for your response and the very useful information. I've read that Diptera are less attracted to fluorescing materials than non-flourescing materials (I'm assuming you've probably read the paper assessing pan-trap colours and the capture rate of different insect orders too).

Our aim is to attract the widest range of different pollinators, so we should probably be using all three colours in order to attract the widest spectrum of pollinating insects. Having little experience in this field I'm not sure whether using flower shapes or just areas with these colours would be best for attracting pollinators, if @tom_august  or @albags or anyone else has some info from their experience on the attraction potential of different shapes and colours that they would be willing to share I'd be very grateful.

Thanks for this great and supportive community!

Hi Sarah,

I am working with @Max_Sitt on the same project to develop artificial flowers as a platform for hoverfly monitoring (also as a landing platform for his camera trap).

We have preliminary results on the attractiveness of different shapes and colors on two hoverfly species in the lab. We can not help you with useful results without fieldwork data, but maybe some ideas.

According to the literature, bees will probably go for different (structurally more complex) flowers than hoverflies. If this is the case, you won't find a highly attractive "one-fits-all" solution for the shape or any other floral characteristic. However, the color could be the most basic flower trait and, therefore, could address a variety of pollinators. With a simple structure and a universally attractive color, you might have a chance for a good trade off between attractiveness and species spectrum.

The spray colors used as standard colors for pan traps in Germany (according to C. Westphal) could be a good start for you:

Sparvar 3107 "Leuchtblau", Sparvar 3104 (aka RAL 1026) "Leuchtgelb" and Sparvar "Leuchtweiß" 3108

These strong fluorescent colours have also been tested in Diestelhorst et al. 2014 (only available in German) and they showed a good response of pollinators in general for the white and yellow color in comparison with non-fluorescent colors. If you look for publications by Klaus Lunau, you will find a lot on fluorescent colors and UV-reflectance in (artificial) flowers. But once again, there seems to be no universal pattern among all flowers and all pollinators that we can use to trigger landings.

Currently, we are experimenting with fluorescent, translucent PMMA aka Suncatchers. When we sprayed orange Suncatchers with a strong fluorescent neon yellow on the bottom side, they were very attractive to one of our tested species. Their "sun catching effect" is then visible all over the surface as a diffuse glowing.

We also had good experiences with some glass droplets that resemble nectar. Specifically a half-sphere of 5 mm diameter with mirror foliage underneath. You can get them at a DIY store.

My best guess would be to paint a platform all green and then have circles in different diameters (2-8 cm) sprayed on them with the three pan trap colors. Add some glass droplets, and you might be good for now. However, the field trials will show how much my guesses are worth here:)

Best regards,


Hi Sarah, 

I'm currently doing a PhD with @tom_august to create artificial flowers for pollinator monitoring. I'm currently looking into the key attraction cues for each broad group of diurnal pollinators. These include colour, UV, and scent and I will be performing experiments in the future to see how attractive artificial flowers can be using several different attraction cues.

Much like you already know, yellow, white and blue are good colours. A lot of insects have a preference for yellow and it is a very common generalist colour. A lot of fly species like yellow. Some insects like bees, bee-flies, and diurnal moths prefer blue. Butterflies have a preference for bright reds, oranges, and blues. It is worth having a mix of different colours if you want to attract wider variety of insects and using UV reflectance with the yellow should help as well. Like @MaximilianPink said, a green background has also shown to be effective for contrast. 

I'll be comparing the attraction of realistic 3D printed artificial flowers to coloured paper and pan traps in an experiment with naïve bumblebees soon so I can keep you updated on the results from that.  I hope in the future, if everything works, I can get a bunch of different monitoring system using my artificial flowers. 

Please let me know if you have any questions!


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ChatGPT for conservation

Hi, I've been wondering what this community's thoughts are on ChatGPT? I was just having a play with it and asked:"could you write me a script in python that loads photos...

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Interesting thoughts. 

1. Great - if it makes it easier for everyone GREAT. If we can all spend less time writing about what makes us good and worthy of funding  it means we can spend more time on the actual work. And I can only speak for WILDLABS, but most of our funding comes from people seeing our work and talking to us about what we could do together, rather than us writing long applications about work we could be doing and competing against other projects - though we do do this too. That's not true for everyone, but for us it's going to mean alleviating a pretty significant administrative barrier (and already is). 

2. And as someone who reviews a lot of grant and job applications, if it improves the overall quality - even better. I'd rather read across the board good applications and decide on merit, rather than deciding based on who understand how to construct a compelling case for a particular application. 

3. Tricky one - but surely it's more equitable to have tighter criteria rather than knocking half hour because of weaker writing? 

This last point is interesting and one I hadn't thought about - longer term access could mean entrenching more inequality rather than alleviating it. I dont have any answers, but it's given me something to think about. 

ChatGPT is not at all reliable for pulling in scientific information - in fact it is not able to pull Google-able real information. Its database is very limited and for everything it doesn't know the answer to, it simply makes something up!

Here is an example: I asked ChatGPT what is the difference between scorpionfish and stonefish and a bunch of follow up questions. They were answered in a "seemingly" reliable way. But when I asked if any of these two species are on the IUCN vulnerable or endangered list, it said yes. I asked for "any examples?",  it returned 4 results with actual species scientific names for each category (BTW - I was just testing if it could understand my 2x2 question, I am an HCI expert, so I was just curious). However, a quick Google search returned that these species were actually of "Least Concern". Partially fake information is even more dangerous than 100% fake.  I would have so much preferred if ChatGPT had said, "I am not sure, why don't you Google that..."At least it had the decency to admit the mistake and apologise when caught ;-)

So, please do not use ChatGPT to write grant proposals or any of the other ambitious use cases mentioned in this forum by relying on the data it returns - not without googling and validating everything yourself! At least not yet. When ChatGPT gets married to Alexa :-) and can search and analyse web information reliably, then we will be one step closer to an indeed powerful tool for searching and composing information for grants, reviews, reports etc. Even then, scientists will still need to be able to trace and validate the data sources.

Interesting. Just to comment on the 'please do not use ChatGPT to write grant proposals' as an ambitious use case - personally, I wasn't suggesting or planning to use chatgpt to do the specific content/science side of a grant proposal, my assumption was it would be completely untrustworthy for this and so hadn't even considered it. The usecase we've been talking about has been as a writing assistant, helping with framing and structure for a proposal, and as a starting point to work from rather than starting from a blank page. It's been relatively useful already in this context. It's a helpful jumping off point, not for a finished product.  

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What are people using IoT for?

Hi everyone. I'm curious how people are using IoT in the wildlife community. Are you using local wireless sensor networks to a gateway? Sensors connected to cellular radios?...

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Hi Akiba,

Have dealt with some conservation groups who have setup LoRaWAN networks, depending on the type of requirement, what would yours be?


This seems to fit the bill nicely for a modernized electronic version of a Polar Bear trip wire fence - mandatory in many research field camps in the arctic. Perhaps a product idea for Margo Supplies @BrettMargoSupplies ?

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What conservation and tech podcasts are you listening to?

Hey Wildlabbers!I'm starting to scope out an exciting mystery project (that you can probably make a decent educated guess about based on this thread's title) and I'd like to take...

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This just popped up on my twitter feed - Alex Rogers appeared on this radio episode, might be worth a listen!

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RFID Tech for small animals?

Hi All,I'm working on a project that might require some tech work and as of yet am not a 'tech person' so have been pointed in this direction. It's a pretty common problem that...

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Hi Emily, 

Signposting a few other convos and resources that might be useful while we wait for some folks to chime in!  

Vikram's work might be helpful, he's super lovely and I'm sure he'd be happy to answer questions or speak with you if you think it's a path to go down 

If you decide to go down the RFID route, there are quite a few convos if you drop RFID into our search - here's one with lots of advice that might be helpful:  

I also swear there was someone in Kate Jone's lab who was popping tiny tags on locusts, @TaliaSpeaker who did that photo belong to? 



Hi Emily, I think, as you've pointed out, the read range of any tag you use is going to be pretty small. For example, the tags from Sparkfun linked to below have a read range of about 'one inch'. Alternatively, given the weight of your lizards (soooo tiny!) you could potentially consider very small VHF tags like the LB-2X from Holohil. Looking at about 2-3 weeks of battery life, but it would mean you could potentially, more easily track their movements (for example). Happy to discuss and all the best for your research.


Hi again Emily,

@tom_august just pointed to this PhD thesis in another post that could be of interest to you also:

All the best,


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NFTs for Carbon Credits

Dear all,I write from the montane cloud rainforest of the Torricelli Mountain range in Papua New Guinea. My name is James Wareing and having qualified as a solicitor in London...

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Hi James - I'm working for Regen Network at the intersection of blockchain and ecosystem regeneration and am developing an Environmental Stewardship initiative that might be of interest. I'm also familiar with a lot of related work people are doing around the world, including projects focused on NFTs. I think NIHT Inc. is using or at least thinking about using blockchain tech for forest protection in PNG. There is a lot of innovation going on in this space, but there are also a lot of sketchy projects so navigating the options isn't all that straightforward. One of these days, it would be good to have a Wildlabs session on blockchain and conservation. Let me know how I can help. 

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Alex Rogers: Acoustic Devices for Biodiversity Monitoring — Smart Forests Atlas

In this radio episode, we speak to Alex Rogers, Professor of Computer Science at the University of Oxford. We discuss how Alex's research team developed the acoustic recording device AudioMoth, how low-cost technologies can democratise biodiversity monitoring, and how sensing technologies can lead to certain species and environments being monitored more than others.

Interviewers: Max Ritts and Michelle Westerlaken

Producer: Harry Murdoch


The Variety Hour: March

Join us on Wednesday to talk about building autonomous camera traps for insects, updates about the arbimon tool for bioacoustics, the Biodiversity Accelerator+ which is now open for applications, and to hear about an...

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Exploring storage options for mass data collection

Hi all. I'm currently exploring options for data storage en masse. With our project we will be collecting 24hr hydrophone data, drone video 6hr per day, photography &...

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Hi Adam!

I mostly live within the ecoacoustics space so I'll just speak on the hydrophone part of your request; Arbimon is a free web/cloud-based platform with unlimited storage for audio files. We've got an uploader app as well for mass-uploading lots of files. There's also a bunch of spectrogram visualization/annotation tools and analysis workflows available. It's AWS running under the hood.

I have some experience working directly with AWS & Microsoft Azure, and I've found personally that AWS was more user-friendly and intuitive for the (fairly simplistic) kinds of tasks I've done.  

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Song Meter Micro experience?

Hi everyone, First off, what a great community this is! I only recently found out about it, and it seems like a game changer, especially for early career folk like me.I was...

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Our original tweet about this question is still getting replies! @baddiwad just jumped in to share her experiences in South Africa. I'm looking forward to our Inventory going live so all these can be captured in reviews on different hardware product pages! 

Hi Nick,

First up, disclaimer that I'm not really into hardware stuff, but here's my best understanding.

Shameless plug but take a look here if you haven't already - there's a fairly thorough discussion of available hardware: 

Secondly, I've not really used SM Mini (got one sat in a draw largely unused) but have heard feedback from several people, including a highly respected wildlife sound recorder yesterday. All have found that the very strange frequency response with a big peak in response at 6kHz to be a big problem, leading to odd recording quality and difficulty trusting results. I think particularly in Amazonia, you're likely to find a big peak in insect stridulation amplitude at around the 6kHz mark at any time away from the dawn chorus, so setting gain that will capture a large amount of other taxa without being completely dominated by insect noise ta 6Khz would seem a pretty impossible challenge.

If I was starting anew project now, I think my first choice would be SM Mini, although I think I'd take a good look at Titley Chorus, and Audiomoths if I could get my hands on any.


Good luck, and feel free to DM me on Twitter if you want to chat about Amazonian recording (@ecoacou_ollie). I don't check Wildlabs as often as I should (sorry Steph!), despite it beinga fantastic resource.



Frequency response plot from Wildlife Acoustics website:

Frequency response taken from Wildlife Acoustics website
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Python for Geographers (video)

This technical workshop was recorded at the Esri Developer Summit 2021. Presenters use packages to make GIS workflows reproducible through code, work with spatial data and make relevant maps using open source packages...

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Tools & Experiences with Sea Turtle Monitoring

Hi wildlabbers, Mtalii Ochieng gave us an awesome walkthrough all the tools and tech his team at Bahari hai is using in their work to monitor and protect sea turtles. The...

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Great webinar! I am working with the Dominica Sea Turtle Conservation Organization and would love to get in touch about the apps Mtalii and his team use for collecting their data. We're looking to streamline our process and make it easier for our volunteers to help capture vital nesting and sighting data on Dominica. Hoping to connect with Mtalii so we can implement some of the awesome apps they've been using for their turtle research. Feel free to message me! Thanks!

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Field testing of a radio telemetry system to be deployed in the sea.

Hello everyoneWhat kind of tests do you put aquatic tags through to get them field ready? Currently, we are testing a radio telemetry system. We are leaving the tags at 20...

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Abhijit and Hari joined us at our Variety Hour show to talk in more detail about this project - check it out to learn more about how it's progressing. 

Oh, great link! Been doing marine projects recently and a big headache is protecting submerged electronics. I've kind of heard of many of those techniques, but great to see them collected all in one place and with first hand experienced commentary regarding them. 

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Monitoring airborne biomass

We are producing hard- and software for small scale research  radars to monitor airborne biomass automatically. We can distinguish birds, bats and insects through day and...

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Looks like you want to have a read of this thread: 

Our project in very short is, setting up a sensor network for monitoring airborne biomass, mainly insects, birds and bats in near realtime, and to develop a forecast model to be used for mitigation with respect various types of human-wildlife conflicts (e.g. wind power, pesticide application, aviation). Our expertise is mainly in radar monitoring, but we aim on add insect camera information to be merged with the quantitative biomass measeurments by radar.

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Monique - the space Elk(s)

I have enjoyed the recent podcast on Monique the first animal(s) to carry a satellite collar, the ICARUS project etc. Also, regarding Monique there is this interesting...

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